Released: 20 November 2012 Download PDF
- In 2011, total business research and development (R&D) expenditure in the UK, in cash terms, increased by 8% to £17.4 billion, compared with 2010. In real terms, R&D expenditure increased by 6% compared to 2010.
- The largest increases in R&D expenditure, in cash terms, were in computer programming and information service activities (£293 million; 19% increase), motor vehicles and parts (£288 million; 23% increase) and the pharmaceuticals industry (£169 million; 4% increase).
- Defence R&D expenditure increased by 10% in 2011 to £1.8 billion. This was mainly driven by government awarded contracts to UK businesses to develop aircraft, naval ships, submarines and their systems and equipment.
- Total R&D expenditure in 2011 represented 1.1% of Gross Domestic Product (GDP), which is in line with previous years.
- For the first time, the ownership of businesses that perform R&D in the UK is split equally between foreign and UK owned companies.